Globally, most of the poor and undernourished people live in rural areas of developing countries, where they depend on mainly agriculture as a source of food, income, and employment. International data show a clear association between low agricultural productivity and high rates of undernourishment1. Global studies have also shown that rapid reduction of extreme poverty is only possible when the incomes of smallholder farmers are increased. Therefore, sustained improvement in agricultural productivity is central to socioeconomic development. Download the Concept note